What is Young Guns Wrestling?

By Cutter’b Pritchard, sports editor

Young Guns Wrestling is a club organization for the offseason allowing athletes to fine tune their skills and gain individual recognition. It’s a Pennsylvania exclusive club with grapplers from schools all over the state. With such a widespread range of talent and kids having to wrestle off for spots, only the best in the state are on the team. Junior Cody Mulligan, who won a state medal for the weight class of 182, said of his experience with the team: “I have learned a lot. The coaches are the best in the country.”

According to the organization’s website, “The coaching staff has decorated resumes along with training some of the greatest names in wrestling history. They look forward to passing that knowledge to willing wrestlers who are seeking more from their lives… like the opportunity to be GREAT!”

With the participation of a club sport, there is less stress than the regular season, but with such an elite group, the wrestlers work on skills only the top college teams work on.

“Young Guns practices are designed with the purpose of improving wrestling skills. Proper and precise technique is taught to eliminate bad habits. In addition, coaches work to teach relentless attack and response to key situations in wrestling,”their site said.

With this high demand of only the greatest, there comes a desire from the athletes. Their website says, “This desire becomes contagious among kids dedicated to achieving success at a higher level.”

When asked how this dedication would translate closer to home, Mulligan said, “I have learned so much from the experience, and it has really helped me bring what I have learned to Saegertown.”

Mulligan will travel to Virginia Beach on Friday to compete all Memorial Day Weekend at The Virginia Beach Convention Center. The club will be going toe-to-toe against ten of the top clubs in the country, facing off for the title. Young Guns achieved second place at the event last year.

Scholarship opportunities for juniors and seniors

by Rachel Barner, news editor

Student loans are haunting seniors’ and juniors’ minds with the thought of college ahead. One thing that can save them from going into large debt is scholarships. There are scholarships, both local and national, specific and broad, that fit every student.

A Google search can bring up a bunch of scholarships that are relevant to your major or to your situation. However, instead of searching for the perfect website, here are some with great scholarships.

A good online site is the Scholarship website. It has many scholarships that are available in Pennsylvania, from your major to a specific thing that you are involved in. There are different types of scholarships, with the dates ranging from the end of May to the middle of 2018, for all ages and grades, and with many different amounts of money awarded. Check it out here.

Another website is the College Degree website, which offers 35 scholarships anyone can get. It has many different topics for essays and monetary amounts are ranging, and large corporations and organizations offer these scholarships. Check it out here.

There are many other ways to find scholarships, such as asking local businesses and organizations if they have one, sports scholarships, club scholarships, and even asking your guidance counselor for ones that are around the area.

 

 

 

STEM students use smart Legos

By Ellie Lybarger, staff writer

The Legos purchased last year for STEM classes are currently used in Mr. Jeff Patrick’s robotics and foundations of tech classes and Mrs. Melissa Statman’s eighth grade STEM class. In these classes, students are given a task and challenged to build and program the Legos to complete it.

These aren’t your average Legos that you can purchase at Walmart. These are LEGO MINDSTORMS® EV3 which allow you to build and program just about anything you can imagine. They are equipped with Bluetooth capabilities, Wi-Fi, sensors, the ability to link multiple units together, and even infrared. This kind of technology gives students insight into what industries today are using. “The difference is that the kids aren’t just building with Legos, they are learning how to object program them,” Mrs. Statman said.

In Mrs. Statman’s class, the eighth graders used five sets of Legos for nine weeks to work through a curriculum developed by Carnegie Mellon University that challenged them to program different behaviors, such as movement, sensors, and decisions. Students showed that they mastered the programming by completing a maze challenge, a Sensebot challenge, where a programmed robot moves to different spots and raises and lowers its arm, and an orchard challenge, where a programmed robot must move through three rows of fruit trees. “I liked it because it was a more hands-on experience,” Amber Costello said.

Mr. Patrick also uses these Legos for about nine weeks in each class and teaches his students the basic and intermediate concepts of programming and engineering practices. Most of his projects include the use of sensors such as light sensors, motion sensors, audio sensors, and distance. The robotics class also uses Legos to prototype their Battlebots, which cuts the cost drastically. “The Lego kits are vital to the Technology and Industrial Arts curriculum as well as the STEM classes,” Mr. Patrick said.

The cost for these Legos was approximately $8,000. This included the core set, expansion set, simple machines, hydraulics, and accessories. However, the National Tooling and Machining Association matched PENNCREST’s investment and cut the cost in half. The use of the Legos also saves money by replacing consumable materials like wood and metal. Currently there are twelve sets of Legos available to any faculty member to use in their classes as they see fit.

Career search: Becoming a Veterinary Technician

by Hannah Myers, staff writer

Being a junior, I have been scrambling around all school year trying to decide what I should be. One of the great interests in my life is horses. I have been riding and training horses with Hobbs Hollow Stable since I was 8 years old.

When one of the horses I work with, Westfield, got caught in the gate and broke his splint bone, I realized I enjoyed taking care of him and helping him recover, thus my idea of being an Equine Rehabilitation therapist was born. To do this, I learned that I would first have to train to be a Vet Tech, or Veterinary Technician. The thought of being a Vet Tech worried me because I wasn’t sure I could handle doing the things they do.

On Wednesday, Apr. 26, I was given the chance to watch a surgery. When one of the ponies I had been working with, Zoe, grew a possibly cancerous tumor (we later found out it was from a fungal infection) on her neck, I jumped at the chance to go to a professional equine clinic Called the Cleveland Equine clinic. While I was there, I experienced many things that Vet Techs do. I watched lameness tests which are given when a horse, or any animal really, has something wrong with their legs, hips, and joints. I was also able to study an x-ray and observe Zoe’s surgery. I was originally worried that I wouldn’t be able to handle seeing the pony I have grown quite attached to being cut into; however, that was not the case, and I found myself very intrigued and excited.

Now I know that even though I haven’t experienced all of what it takes to be a Vet Tech, I got a taste of what it’s like, and I am now one step closer to deciding what my future career will be. If you have had an experience like mine that has led you to a particular career path, contact me @hamyers@psdmail.org so I can tell your story.

(photo caption: Zoe recovers at Hobbs Hollow Stables after having a tumor removed from her neck. photo credit: Hannah Myers)

 

 

Brooks without Birds: God’s rejected reptiles roam badlands

by Tyler Brooks, staff writer

That’s right, an article NOT about birds. Let’s get to it. Deserts seem inhospitable for creatures whose body temperature alter with their environment, such as a lizard. But, to the surprise of all, deserts are home to some of the most unique lizards on this planet. From lesbian lizards to salt-sneezers, the desert is where their uniqueness shows.

The Thorny Devil is a foot long mass of rocky bumps. The Australian lizard roams the desert eating veggies and insects. Over the night, it lets dew collect on its body. The water, through capillary action (look it up, I teach birds not physics), all flows towards the lizard’s mouth. Even when it finds water, it simply dips a foot in and allows the water to flow mouthward and quench its thirst.

The New Mexico whiptail is a lizard native to, you guessed it, New Mexico. The lizard is unique in its breeding habits, despite looking commonplace. The whiptails are all females. They reproduce asexually, producing identical clones of themselves. The lizards do, despite their uniform gender, still mimic the copulation (baby-making) process with one another. Why? Maybe it just feels. . .right.

The Horned Toad is yet another weird lizard in the desert, which was apparently the trash bin for messed up lizards. Horned Toads (lizards, despite the name) have the ability to spew forth blood from their eye sockets. The blood is shot up to three feet, from a 3 inch reptile. The blood comes directly from the circulatory system, and is capable of scaring off mammals, like coyotes and cats.

The chuckwalla is a small, unassuming lizard. When threatened, it scurries off with all its speed, like any other lizard. But the chuckwalla knows what he’s about, so he runs between rocks. If the predator tries to extract him, he puffs up like a balloon and is nearly impossible to extract. Chuckwallas, due to living in the desert, have to drink water when they find it, no matter the salinity. When salt levels build up in chuckwallas, the lizard will sneeze pure salt crystals to remove it. A pet chuckwalla is the perfect replacement for any salt shaker.

As we comb through the deserts for more rejectiles, we come to the Gila Monster and its cousin, the Mexican Beaded Lizard. Both of these lizards have “beads” in place of conventional scales. Alongside the Komodo Dragon, beaded lizards are the only poisonous lizards. Not particularly huge, beaded lizards are still between one and two feet, have forked tongues, and that nasty bite for killing prey.

That’s not all, let me tell ya what. Frilled lizards, toadhead agamas, desert geckos, and armadillo lizards are all exceptional creatures you’ll only find in nature’s reptilian wastebasket. Maybe they live in these environments because they’re neat little guys. They’re daring you to come find them. Nature’s daring you to find its coolest inhabitants in its hottest habitats. Or maybe the desert does some trippy things to reptiles because why not, man?

Oogey gooey egg yolk gaining popularity

By JT Sloan Staff Writer

Everyone loves a little bit of ooey and a little bit of gooey, right? Well, even if you don’t, egg yolk is a projected 2017 food trend, according to EAT THIS, NOT THAT. “Once word got out that egg yolks do not, in fact, increase cholesterol levels, people started going crazy with the stuff!”’ said Dana Leigh Smith who wrote the article “17 Food Trends You’ll See in 2017.”

With that knowledge, EAT THIS, NOT THAT predicts egg yolk popularity will only increase in 2017 and honestly I don’t see why not because egg yolk goodness should be part of everyone’s diet in some way or another.

“I like it [egg yolk] because you can put it on burgers and sandwiches, and it still tastes awesome,” said senior Marc Kightlinger. Kightlinger likes his yolks ‘dippy and oozey and yummy’ and he loves putting them on hamburgers because they get “oozey and juicy.”

There are many delicious recipes for egg yolk, but my favorite is the Best Loaded Breakfast Skillet, courtesy of Delish, a well-known recipe website. It’s my favorite because you have chunky crunchy bacon, then soft russet potatoes. Then it hits you. The flavor train of egg yolk hits you. It is a pleasant surprise to know runny yolk goes with bacon and potatoes. Look for more tasty recipes with or without egg yolk at delish.com. And if you have a favorite recipe that incorporates egg yolk, tweet a picture and recipe @PantherPressSHS.

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INGREDIENTS

  • 3 russet potatoes, rinsed and scrubbed clean
  • 4 strips bacon, cut into 1″ pieces
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 1/4 c. water
  • 2 cloves garlic
  • 2 green onions, sliced
  • 1/2 tsp. smoked paprika
  • kosher salt
  • Freshly ground black pepper
  • 4 eggs
  • 1 c. shredded Cheddar

DIRECTIONS

  1. Chop potatoes into small cubes, about 3/4″-thick.
  2. Place a large nonstick skillet over medium heat. Add bacon and fry until crispy. Turn off heat and transfer bacon to a paper towel–lined plate. Keep most of bacon fat in skillet, removing any black pieces from the bacon.
  3. Turn the heat back to medium and add onion to the skillet. Sauté, stirring occasionally, until onions begin to soften. Add potatoes and toss until evenly coated in bacon fat. Pour in water and cover skillet with a large lid. (This helps speed up the cooking and prevent burning.) Cook until the potatoes are tender, about 20 minutes, checking the potatoes occasionally. If they start to brown too quickly, remove the lid and add more water.
  4. When the potatoes are tender, remove lid and stir in garlic, green onions, and paprika. Season with salt and pepper to taste. Using a wooden spoon, make four holes in the potatoes to reveal bottom of skillet. Crack an egg into each hole and season each egg with salt and pepper. Sprinkle cheese and cooked bacon bits over the entire skillet. Replace lid and cook until eggs are cooked to your liking, about 5 minutes for a just runny egg. Serve warm.

Saegertown students take the SAT and AP tests

By Hannah Nicholson, staff writer

The season of standardized testing is upon us. While the Keystone Testing window begins today and runs through May 23 for the sophomores, juniors and seniors college preparatory exams are in full swing. At the start of May, juniors took the SAT and Advanced Placement United States History test (APUSH), and seniors took the Advanced Placement English Literature test.

The SAT is intended to assess students’ readiness for college, and it is out of 1600 points unless it is taken with the optional essay, which will makes the top score 2400.

Advanced Placement tests are traditionally taken after taking an Advanced Placement course. If you score at least a three on the test, which is out of 5 points, then most colleges will count that test for 1 college credit.

Many juniors took the SAT on May 6, at either Conneaut Area High School or General McLane High School. Though many students worried about the test, junior Erik Murphy advises against worrying. “It was easier than I expected, and I felt like I was prepared,” Murphy said.

The SAT is comprised of three tests: Reading, Writing and Language, Math without a calculator, Math with a calculator, and the optional Essay.  Murphy hopes to score a 1300, but he does plan on taking it again to try for a higher score.

Not quite as many juniors took the AP U.S. History test, only 11 students. They took the AP U.S. History test on May 5. There were three sections of the AP test: multiple choice, short answer, and essay. Maddie Stevens had the most trouble with the essays, but she felt mostly prepared. She suggests to future AP U.S. History test takers that you need to study a lot on your own, and not to just rely on in-class notes because of how much content will be on the test. “The parts of history you don’t expect to be on the test will definitely be on the test, so study everything,” Stevens said.

Thirteen seniors took the AP Literature and Composition exam on May 3. Senior Sydney Kightlinger is hoping to score a five on the test. The two parts of this AP test were multiple choice and essay. There were three essays altogether.  Kightlinger had a problem with time management on the essay section of the test. “I had a hard time with time management because I have a lot to say. I write a lot,” Kightlinger said. She advises future AP English test takers to read a lot outside of class. “Read anything and everything, nothing will hurt you,” Kightlinger said.

The next SAT date is June 3, and while the registration date has already passed, late registrations are still being accepted until May 24. The ACT registration date for the June 10 test has passed as well, but late registrations will be accepted until May 17.

Out-Run Cancer Run coming in June

By Emily Ford, photo editor

For the tenth straight year, the Saegertown Cross Country team will hold the Out-Run Cancer Run in June to benefit cancer research. The previous location for the run was Woodcock Dam, but this year’s event will be held on the track of Canon Memorial field at Saegertown High School on Sunday, June 4 from 8 a.m. until noon. Anyone can participate, and National Honor Society members will receive service hours for participation.

“For the last 10 years proceeds have been divided in half, benefitting the cross country team and breast cancer research. This year we have chosen to go a different route and give half the proceeds to the Yolanda G. Barco Oncology Center Benevolent Fund, and the other half will go to the cross country team,” said head cross country coach Bill Hetrick.

Sponsor forms are available in room 226. Some snacks and drinks will be provided, but plan on bringing your own as well. Senior cross country captain Ben Haylett will be DJing, playing tunes to keep you moving. You must have your sponsor sheet with you so mileage and money owed can be verified. Plan on arriving at least 15 minutes early for instructions. This is a rain or shine event. Any questions, email Mr. Hetrick at whetrick26@gmail.com.

 

T. Grex dominates at Envirothon

by Grant Phelan, staff writer

For the last few weeks, three science teams from Saegertown have been studying up on a variety of environmental topics: Wildlife, Forestry, Aquatics, Soils, and Current Events for the annual Envirothon competition.

On Wednesday May 3, that preparation paid off as team Tyrannosaurus Grex brought home top honors in Aquatics and Wildlife, along with placing third overall.

“I was very happy and did not expect much less,” junior Mike Chess said. “We have a very strong, smart group of kids.”

Thirteen teams from across Crawford County traveled to Jamestown Park to compete in the aforementioned categories. For winning Aquatics with a score of 63, team members were given a one year subscription to “PA Boat and Angler” Magazine and a ten dollar gift certificate to Acorn Naturalist, a science and environmental education supplier.

Chess was the specialist in Aquatics for Grex, which was the B team in the competition for Saegertown. Members included seniors Grant Phelan and Tyler Brooks, and juniors Colton Beck, Chess, and Laura Monico. They also were awarded another ten dollar gift certificate and a Game Commission “Working for Wildlife 2017” patch for their first place Wildlife score of 78.

“I was really happy and not surprised to be honest. Our team worked really well together,” junior Laura Monico said. “I plan to donate my certificates to Mr. Greco so he can buy materials to help our envirothon teams grow and succeed.”

Crabs hid Earhart’s body

By Tyler Brooks, staff writer

One of the underlying mysteries of history, the disappearance of Amelia Earhart, stands alongside Roanoke colony and Jesus’s underwear size in its lack of details and unsolvability. From citizen to scientist to Cheeto-soaked hermit, everyone has a favorite explanation: aliens, the Bermuda triangle, bad weather, and Somali pirates. But one crazy theory lies within reason as to why she can’t be found: crabs.

While crabs are better known for being under the sea, there are terrestrial crabs. The largest arthropod (shelled critters like bugs and crustaceans) is a robber crab, a three-foot wide crab, the upper limit for arthropod size. Robber crabs are native to the Indian Ocean where Earhart went missing. Robber crabs are also known as coconut crabs because their claws are strong enough to break coconuts with their claws, which is an incredible feat, as coconuts are close in hardness to bone.

Coconuts aren’t all that these beats eat, as they also enjoy fruits, nuts, rats, crabs, and carcasses. Coconut crabs, with help from other land crabs and the strawberry hermit crab, may have run off with the remains of Miss Earhart, both to scavenge alone and to break the bones and eat the bone marrow. Nikumaroro, an island in the Pacific, would have been seen from the air if Earhart had strayed off course, and is relatively near her intended landing spot, Howland Island.

The body of a person was discovered on Nikumaroro in 1940, but the on-site investigator claimed that “All small bones have been removed by giant coconut crabs which have also damaged larger ones. Difficult to estimate age bones owing to activities of crabs. . .” Robber crabs found the body, probably dead from starvation on the island, and tampered with the body. The huge crabs, over the course of three years, had taken all the meat from the bones and hidden the bones in their burrows. Hence, her remains have never been officially found, and she has remained missing ever since. Case CLOSED! Stop wondering about her, she gone.